ASP.NET MVC 5.0 Basic CAPTCHA C# Code Sample

The ASP.NET MVC 5.0 Basic Captcha C# sample project shows the most basic source code required to protect an ASP.NET MVC form with BotDetect CAPTCHA and validate the user input.

First Time Here?

Check the BotDetect ASP.NET MVC Captcha Quickstart for key integration steps.

ASP.NET MVC View code displaying CAPTCHA protection can be found in Views/Sample/Index.cshtml, and the ASP.NET MVC Controller code checking user input is in Controllers/SampleController.cs.

Download the BotDetect ASP.NET CAPTCHA Component and run this sample

→ ASP.NET MVC version:

→ .NET programming language:

Installed Location

By default, the .NET 4.5 C# version of the ASP.NET MVC 5.0 Basic Captcha sample project is installed at:
C:\Program Files\Lanapsoft\BotDetect 3 CAPTCHA Component\Asp.Net\v4.5\WebApp\AspNetMvc50BasicCaptchaSample\CSharp

You can also run it from the BotDetect Start Menu:
Programs > Lanapsoft > BotDetect 3 CAPTCHA Component > ASP.NET > DotNET 4.5 Web Applications > Run

Views\Sample\Index.cshtml

@* namespaces needed to access BotDetect members *@
@using BotDetect.Web.UI.Mvc;

@{
    Layout = null;
}

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>
<head>
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width" />
    <title>BotDetect ASP.NET MVC 5.0 Basic CAPTCHA Sample</title>
    <link href="@Url.Content("~/Style/Sheet.css")" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />
    <link href="@BotDetect.Web.CaptchaUrls.Absolute.LayoutStyleSheetUrl" 
      rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />
</head>
<body>
    <h1>BotDetect ASP.NET MVC 5.0 Basic CAPTCHA Sample</h1>
    @using (Html.BeginForm()) {
        <fieldset>
            <legend>CAPTCHA Protection Shown on an ASP.NET MVC View</legend>
            <div>
                @Html.Label("CaptchaCode", "Retype the code from the picture:")
                @{ MvcCaptcha sampleCaptcha = new MvcCaptcha("SampleCaptcha");
                   sampleCaptcha.UserInputClientID = "CaptchaCode"; }
                @Html.Captcha(sampleCaptcha)
            </div>
            <div class="actions">
                @Html.TextBox("CaptchaCode")
                <input type="submit" value="Validate" />
                @Html.ValidationMessage("CaptchaCode")
                @if ((Request.HttpMethod == "POST") && ViewData.ModelState.IsValid)
                {
                    <span class="correct">Correct!</span>
                }
            </div>
        </fieldset>
    }
</body>
</html>

To display Captcha protection on the sample View, we first ensure we can use BotDetect members by Import-ing the relevant namespaces.

We then create a MvcCaptcha instance, and add it to the form by calling the Html.Captcha() Html helper with it.

In this simplest case, we also use the Html.ValidationMessage helper to display Captcha validation errors.

Controllers\SampleController.cs

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.Mvc;

using BotDetect.Web.UI.Mvc;

namespace AspNetMvc50BasicCaptchaSampleCSharp.Controllers
{
    public class SampleController : Controller
    {
        //
        // GET: /Sample/

        public ActionResult Index()
        {
            return View();
        }


        //
        // POST: /Sample/

        [HttpPost]
        [CaptchaValidation("CaptchaCode", "SampleCaptcha", "Incorrect !")]
        public ActionResult Index(SampleModel model)
        {
            MvcCaptcha.ResetCaptcha("SampleCaptcha");
            return View(model);
        }

    }
}

After we've included the BotDetect.Web.UI.Mvc namespace, we just need to add the CaptchaValidation attribute to the method processing form submissions. The attribute takes three parameters:

  1. the ID of the textbox containing the user's Captcha code input (which we named CaptchaCode on the form),
  2. the ID of the Captcha instance we're validating (which we set to SampleCaptcha in the MvcCaptcha constructor), and
  3. the error message to be shown when Captcha validation fails.

When the Captcha validation action filter attribute has been added, the Captcha validation will trigger every time the form is submitted, and will automatically add a Model error with the error message configured above when Captcha validation fails. The Html.ValidationMessage helper on the form will then display this error when Captcha validation fails.

App_Start\RouteConfig.cs

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Mvc;
using System.Web.Routing;

namespace AspNetMvc50BasicCaptchaSampleCSharp
{
    public class RouteConfig
    {
        public static void RegisterRoutes(RouteCollection routes)
        {
            routes.IgnoreRoute("{resource}.axd/{*pathInfo}");

            // BotDetect requests must not be routed
            routes.IgnoreRoute("{*botdetect}", 
              new { botdetect = @"(.*)BotDetectCaptcha\.ashx" });

            routes.MapRoute(
                name: "Default",
                url: "{controller}/{action}/{id}",
                defaults: new { controller = "Sample", action = "Index", 
                  id = UrlParameter.Optional }
            );
        }
    }
}

We configure ASP.NET Routing to ignore BotDetect requests, since they do not conform to any MVC-related patterns. The regex defining requests to ignore must match the path configured for the BotDetect HttpHandler registered in web.config.

Web.config

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<!--
  For more information on how to configure your ASP.NET application, please visit
  http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=301880
  -->
<configuration>
  <configSections>
    <section name="botDetect" requirePermission="false" 
      type="BotDetect.Configuration.BotDetectConfigurationSection, BotDetect"/>
  </configSections>
  <appSettings>
    <add key="webpages:Version" value="3.0.0.0"/>
    <add key="webpages:Enabled" value="false"/>
    <add key="ClientValidationEnabled" value="false"/>
    <add key="UnobtrusiveJavaScriptEnabled" value="false"/>
  </appSettings>
  <system.web>
    <compilation debug="false" targetFramework="4.5.1"/>
    <httpRuntime targetFramework="4.5.1"/>
    <!-- configure Session State for BotDetect use -->
    <sessionState mode="InProc" cookieless="AutoDetect" timeout="20" 
      sessionIDManagerType="BotDetect.Web.CustomSessionIdManager, BotDetect"/>
    <httpHandlers>
      <!-- register HttpHandler used for BotDetect Captcha requests -->
      <add verb="GET" path="BotDetectCaptcha.ashx" 
        type="BotDetect.Web.CaptchaHandler, BotDetect"/>
    </httpHandlers>
  </system.web>
  <system.webServer>
    <validation validateIntegratedModeConfiguration="false" />
    <handlers>
      <!-- register HttpHandler used for BotDetect Captcha requests -->
      <remove name="BotDetectCaptchaHandler"/>
      <add name="BotDetectCaptchaHandler" preCondition="integratedMode" verb="GET" 
        path="BotDetectCaptcha.ashx" type="BotDetect.Web.CaptchaHandler, BotDetect"/>
    </handlers>
  </system.webServer>
  <runtime>
    <assemblyBinding xmlns="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:asm.v1">
      <dependentAssembly>
        <assemblyIdentity name="System.Web.Helpers" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35"/>
        <bindingRedirect oldVersion="1.0.0.0-3.0.0.0" newVersion="3.0.0.0"/>
      </dependentAssembly>
      <dependentAssembly>
        <assemblyIdentity name="System.Web.WebPages" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35"/>
        <bindingRedirect oldVersion="1.0.0.0-3.0.0.0" newVersion="3.0.0.0"/>
      </dependentAssembly>
      <dependentAssembly>
        <assemblyIdentity name="System.Web.Mvc" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35"/>
        <bindingRedirect oldVersion="1.0.0.0-5.1.0.0" newVersion="5.1.0.0"/>
      </dependentAssembly>
    </assemblyBinding>
  </runtime>
  <botDetect>
    <captchaImage>
      <helpLink enabled="true" mode="image"/>
    </captchaImage>
  </botDetect>
</configuration>

To allow the application to use BotDetect Captcha protection, we must register the BotDetect HttpHandler in both <system.web><httpHandlers> and <system.webServer><handlers> configuration sections, and enable and configure ASP.NET sessionState.

The <dependentAssembly> entry for System.Web.Mvc is also needed to make all ASP.NET MVC dependencies referenced by the BotDetect MVC assembly point to the correct ASP.NET MVC version.